Sunday, May 17, 2020
Fairy tales are an entertaining and memorable way to teach valuable lessons to children. However, things have not always been this way with fairy tales. In the past, fairy tales could serve as an outlet for unpopular ideas and thoughts, or a way for people with little value in society to express themselves. Fairy tales were often tightly related to their authorÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, possibly because it made the story more familiar. In Hans Christian AndersenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Den Lille HavfrueÃ¢â¬ , better known as Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ , Andersen uses prominent mythological and cultural ties to display the struggles of a young girl who wants to see what the world offers, as opposed to staying at the bottom of the ocean and living a mermaidÃ¢â¬â¢s long, but soulless and definite life. Written in the early 1800s in Denmark, Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ is an excellent display of a mix of Danish mythology, beliefs, and society. Denmark is a country that has always been heav ily reliant on water, as it and its surrounding lands are surrounded by it. Thus, a large portion of their mythology revolves around the ocean and its creatures, such as mermaids. In the beginning of the 19th century, a public education system was set up in Denmark, which prompted an enormous influx of literature and philosophy. Among such literary works came Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ , written by Hans Christian Andersen. Andersen is known for his writing style and the way characters act and respond. Ã¢â¬Å"His very first tale, Ã¢â¬ËThe Tinder BoxÃ¢â¬â¢, opens in aShow MoreRelatedFairy Tales And Realties By Hans Christian Andersen2034 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesFairy Tales and Realties Ã¢â¬Å"Now then, let us begin. When we are at the end of the story, we shall know more than we know now: but to beginÃ¢â¬ (Andersen) This is the way the story of Ã¢â¬Å"The Snow QueenÃ¢â¬ begins, by the author Hans Christian Andersen. As this story unfolds the reader seeÃ¢â¬â¢s many avenues that this multi-faceted story shows, based on imagination and reality. It is easy to get lost and discouraged throughout the short story, but in the end, all is found and made known like looking at oneÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreGender Roles Of Men And Women1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGender Roles in Fairy Tales Fairy tales have been around for generations. They are a way to express the idealistic realities of society. In most fairy tales, the roles of men and women reflect the way men and women are portrayed in reality. Many cultures believe that women are to be seen and not heard and that the only necessity for them is to take care of the house and raise children to repopulate society. Fairy tales originated from oral tradition. These stories were passed down and here eventuallyRead MoreAnalysis Of Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ By Hans Christian Andersen.1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAnalysis of Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ by Hans Christian Andersen Ã¢â¬Å"The Little MermaidÃ¢â¬ by Hans Christian Andersen is one of the worlds most cherished fairy tales. Through the years, this story has inspired its fair share of different adaptations and spinoffs, as well as intertwined itself in popular culture. Although it is widely considered a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s story today, upon close examination, we can find various elements of literary devices and themes, all of which provide the seasoned reader with a deepRead MoreThe Little Match Girl1045 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGIRL -Hans Christian Andersen- Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) is a Danish author, fairy tale writer, and poet noted for his childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s stories. Although during his lifetime he was acclaimed for having delighted children worldwide, his stories were always meant for adults as well. His poetry and stories have been translated into more than 150 languages. They have inspired motion pictures, plays, ballets and animated films. However, fairy tales take the most importantRead MoreEssay on The Little Mermaid1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesENG 215: Studies in ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Literature Prof. Bonniecki September 30th, 2010 Diaz 1 The Little Mermaid The Little Mermaid is a fairy tale by the Danish poet and author Hans Christian Andersen. The tale is about a young mermaid willing to give up her life in the sea and her identity as a merperson to gain a human soul and the love of a human prince. The tale was first published in 1837 and has been adapted to various media including musical theater and animated film.The standard of this classicalRead MoreThe Little Mermaid Analysis1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages As young children many of us enjoyed classic fairy tales such as Cinderella, Alice in Wonderland, Thumbelina, and more. These stories had a great impact on our childhood as we loved to hear about the main characterÃ¢â¬â¢s adventures and how we could connect the events that happened in these stories into the real world. But, have you ever wondered what these stories really meant? That Cinderella might not be the charming, romantic story as we know it or that there is a deeper, philosophical meaningRead MoreThe Ugly Duckling1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBrittany Wiegreff Professor Eichler English 102 B16 10/18/2011 Essay 2 The Ugly Duckling Analysis The tale of Ã¢â¬Å"The Ugly DucklingÃ¢â¬ has been told for many generations. It is the story of a little swan that is mistakenly hatched in a duckÃ¢â¬â¢s nest and because of his strange and different appearance he is teased and ridiculed. Even his mother canÃ¢â¬â¢t understand how this Ã¢â¬Å"ugly ducklingÃ¢â¬ could be one of her own. The ugly duckling goes through many hardships and a long, lonely winter. Then upon seeingRead MoreRomance Romance Essay810 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswritten by Hans Christian Andersen, falls under the category of paranormal romance. The story presents young mermaid who longs to gain a human soul after falling in love with the prince. In order to gain a human soul, she must give up her identity as a mermaid and her life in the sea (Andersen). The Little Mermaid displays a romantic love of a mermaid towards a prince, as she sacrifices her life to make the prince happy. Romances do not always end happily ever after like most fairy tale stories doRead MoreFairy Tale Assignment1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAssignment: Answer one of the following questions, considering the entire passage. Provide three specific examples of fairy/folk tales from any culture and how they relate to the question youÃ¢â¬â¢ve chosen. 1. Maria Tatar, in Off With Their Heads!, writes: F airy tales are not written in granite. My own experience has shown that we continue to rewrite the tales as we reread them, even though the words on the page remain the same. But it is important to remember that what we produce in our retellingsRead MoreEssay On The Mermaid926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbecome the woman as a human. She needs to recognize the changes body inside before she will give a chance to realize her love. Andersen portrays human love, as a product of maturity unlike the mermaid in Disney seems to grow up complete because she has already been experienced love, whereas Disney depicts it as a cause of full-grown. Disney makes loss maturity of value that Andersen had conveyed a message throughout the story. Andersens story perpetrates sexist values by teaching of values for a new generation
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
During the holocaust approximately 11 million people died in Nazi death camps. The horrible impact of the holocaust still impacts us today. The holocaust began January 30, 1933 and ended on May 8, 1945. The Nazi army had believed that they were superior. They were ruled and were lead by Adolf Hitler, their biggest camp was Auschwitz which was located in Poland. There are many sources that talk about the holocaust. One source is the book Night by Elie Wiesel and it focused on his personal experience. Another source is a documentary called Auschwitz Death Camp by Oprah Winfrey, in which she interviews Wiesel about the Auschwitz and the structures. The last source is a poem that is on a third person view and it is called Little Polish Boy by Peter Fischl and talks about a little polish bay and how he was held at gunpoint by the Nazi and had no one to speak up for the little boy. The big message of the holocaust is that we are all equal and memorialize the holocaust and the people that s acrificed their life for us. One important lesson in the book Night is that experiencing a horrible experience can bring people closer together. In the beginning of the book, Wiesel and his father did not really interact with each other and were not close as people might think father and son would be. The first chapter states, He rarely displayed his feeling, not even with his family and was more involved with the welfare of others than his own kin(Wiesel 4). This example shows that theyShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Holocaust: The Concentration Camps1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHolocaust is the most terrible human action in the history. It absolutely marks the ending of the previous mentality of human-beings. Therefore, a new round of discovery of evilness of human nature has been established. Best uncovering the truth of Holocaust will help prevent the furthur destuction of humanism, which is the most important mission of the society after World War II. There are many sources of Holocaust trying to best uncover t he truth, such as the inhabitantÃ¢â¬â¢s experience of the immediateRead MoreWhat is Knowledge?1098 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprogression of time, knowledge can sometimes be discarded. But what is knowledge? And what kind of factors can impact it which leads to it being discarded? Knowledge is information centered by a concept that conveys a message and can be acquired through learning or memory. Many different factors can have an effect on whether someone accepts information as knowledge or knowledgeable. The biggest impacts are biases. Some are not able to detect their own personal biases, which are influenced by culture, genderRead MoreThe World s Leading Spokesman On The Holocaust908 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages(Wiesel par. 9). The inspiring man known as Elie Wiesel was born on September 30, 1928 in Sighet, Romania. He was declared chairman of Ã¢â¬Å"The PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s Commission on the HolocaustÃ¢â¬ . Wiesel earned the reputation of Ã¢â¬Å"worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading spokesman on the H olocaustÃ¢â¬ because of his extensive discussions about the Holocaust and the impact it had on Jews (Ã¢â¬Å"Elie Wiesel-FactsÃ¢â¬ par. 1). WieselÃ¢â¬â¢s early life was unfortunate; his parents and his sister died in the concentration camps that were held by the GermansRead MoreThe Perils of Indifference Rhetorical Analysis731 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLanguage and Composition September 30, 2011 Perils of Indifference Rhetorical Analysis The Perils of Indifference speech by Elie Wiesel is one that is well crafted and that sends a strong message to the audience. Wiesel, a survivor of the Holocaust, addresses the issues of the 20th century in his speech while at the same time explaining the dangers of indifference. WieselÃ¢â¬â¢s appeals to his audience, as well as his strong message and arguments are what make this speech so effective. In anyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Film Denial772 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmory University in Atlanta, Georgia in 1994. Lipstad gives the principal factors about Holocaust denial and tells how some people do not believe in the evidence of this horrible event. The film shows a conference that she gives, where she tells us more in detail about the factors and the students ask questions about this subject. Then, a man named David Irving appears who will question the evidence of the Holocaust because he does not believe it and thinks that it was a falsification of the Jews. HoweverRead MoreWar Is A Human Experience That Affects People Essay1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages War is a human experience that affects people greatly. To some people, war is a source of pride, but to many it is a horrible, violent, and life changing experience. When war comes up in any conversation, it evokes negative feelings in a person like pain, hurt, and even sadness. Many individuals have been direct victims of war an d some are indirectly affected but still influenced, nonetheless. War continues to be a pervasive subject and an inspiration for many artists to draw upon. Many artistsRead MoreNight, Schindlers List, and The Diary of Anne Frank Essay1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNight, Schindlers List, and The Diary of Anne Frank The Holocaust was the most horrific time that man has known. To survive this atrocity, the Holocaust victims man upon man atrocity, one had to summon bravery, strength, courage, and wisdom that many did not know they possessed. One survivor is Elie Wiesel, whose exquisite writings have revealed the world of horror suffered by the Jewish people. Elie Wiesels statement, ...to remain silent and indifferent is the greatest sin of all...Read MoreThe Holocaust and Night Essay1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Holocaust and Night There is a Jewish tradition, honored by the survivors of the Holocaust, to respect the memory of the dead by letting them rest in silence. However, to not talk about the sickening events of the Holocaust is disrespectful to the millions of Jewish people who fell victim to the Nazi camps. As a bearing witness to the Holocaust, Weisel gives his testimony about the crimes he has seen. These statements will bring remembrance for those who died and expose the perpetratorsRead MorePainful Experiences of the Holocaust in the Novel, Night by Elie Wiesel1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnalyze how Wiesels character changed throughout the novel, especially in regard to the Jewish religion and towards God as a result of his experiences during the Holocaust. How does WieselÃ¢â¬â¢s transformation reveal the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s intended theme about the Holocaust? World War II is a very impactful point in history where the Holocaust is viewed as one of the worst acts of human genocide. Countless Jewish victims endured traumatizing amounts of suffering and pain that transformed their lives asRead MoreUnderstanding The Holocaust and Preventing it Happening Again1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUnderstanding The Holocaust and Preventing it Happening Again The human tragedy of the Holocaust was the systematic annihilation of millions of Jews by the Nazi regime during World War II. The adversity of this persecution influenced not only the European arena, but also peoples from all over the globe and their ideas. The impact caused by this ethnic cleansing was enormous. Peoples lives were drastically changed as they were persecuted and tortured. Families were taken out of their homes and
Elasticity of demand, also known as price elasticity refers to the way people react to price changes. The greater the demand elasticity, the more sensitive people are to changes in pricing. The degree of demand of a product or service depends on its pricing. If the product is priced lower, it will experience high demand while a higher priced product may see lower demand. Generally, products such as cars, appliances, cosmetics and other non-essential items show elasticity of demand while food, medicine, clothing and other necessities display inelasticity of demand. Our survey consist various types of green teas which are Dilmah, Lipton and Ten Ren. All three products that we surveyed contained the same amount of tea bags which is 20 tea bags. Dilmah was priced at RM8. 00 which comes up to RM0. 40 cents a bag and Ten Ren was priced at RM8. 79 which comes up to RM0. 44 cents a bag while Lipton was priced at RM18. We will write a custom essay sample on Elasticity of Demand or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 40 making it RM0. 92 cents per bag. From this information itself, we can say that Dilmah and Ten Ren are similarly priced while Lipton is priced considerably high compared to Dilmah or Ten Ren. According to the concept of price elasticity of demand, a 10% rise in price will result in a more than 10% drop in quantity demanded if a product shows elasticity of demand. If a product show inelasticity of demand, a 10% rise in price will result in a less than 10% drop in quantity demanded. At the price range of RM8. 00 to RM8. 79, we assume that Dilmah and Ten Ren are products that show inelasticity of demand while Lipton priced much higher at RM18. 40 shows elasticity of demand. We argue that this is due to the nature of the good where Dilmah and Ten Ren are considered necessities while Lipton is considered a luxury because they are aim towards different markets. Dilmah, Ten Ren and Lipton are supposed to be similarly priced because all three brands are Green Tea and carry two bags each but the higher pricing of Lipton suggests otherwise. Substitutes are supposed to be similar in pricing. Therefore this justifies that Lipton is a luxury good and aimed for a higher market. A lot of close substitutes exists at similar pricing for Ten Ren and Dilmah such as BOH and Cameron who also offer Green Tea. At this market, when one product experiences a change in price, a substitute of the product will either experience an increase or decrease in quantity demanded depending on the nature of the price change. Therefore due to the availability of many close substitutes, demand is more elastic for Ten Ren and Dilmah. However for Lipton which is aimed at a different market, the existence of close substitutes are almost none. Hence, Lipton would show an inelasticity of demand. When the income of consumer increases, the share of budget increases. Therefore, consumers have the ability to choose more. Luxurious product can be also purchased depend on the consumers budget, then the quantity increase as well. Since, Lipton is luxury good, when our consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s income increase, they will choose Lipton instead of Dilamh and Ten Ren. Moreover, when the income of consumer decreases, share of budget also decreases. Therefore, they will not choose luxury product, they will choose more necessity product such as Dilmah and Ten Ren. http://www. ehow. com/info_12132333_advantages-elasticity-demand. tml http://www. investopedia. com/terms/c/complement. asp http://www. businessdictionary. com/definition/elasticity-of-demand. html Complements are very important these days. Complement is a product that is used in together with another product. There are no fixed complements for green tea (Ten Ren, Dilmah, Lipton). However, some consumers use complements such as sugar or honey to go with their green tea. In this situation, a decrease in th e price of sugar or honey might lead to an increase of quantity demanded of green tea. ( Ten Ren, Dilmah, Lipton).
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Directions: Choose one of the following essay prompts below. You will compose a five paragraph essay that contains the following: * An introduction that contains an attention getter and a thesis statement (argument) * Three body paragraphs each of them containing one supporting reason for your thesis. All body paragraphs should have a topic sentence, introduction to a quote, a quote (evidence), and an explanation of your quote. NONE OF YOUR BODY PARAGRAPHS SHOULD END IN A QUOTE!!!!!! A conclusion that restates your thesis and provides closure to your paper Select one of the following prompts for your essay. Remember that you must take a stance on the topic to argue in your thesis statement. I suggest you start preparing to write this essay now! You should start working on your thesis statement and finding evidence (quotes) to support it now. You can bring anything you prepare ahead of time to the final to use to help you write your paper. We will write a custom essay sample on The Hunger Games or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, you must do the majority of your essay composition during the final exam time. You will write this essay with a pencil and paper; we will not have access to computers. Remember this essay is worth 20% of your final grade. Prompt Options: 1. Is Haymitch a good mentor to Katniss and Peeta? (criteria definition) 2. How does KatnissÃ¢â¬â¢ relationship with Peeta change her personality? (character development) 3. Is the country of Panem a fair and just society? (criteria definition) 4. Alternate suggestions can be approved by me ahead of time.
Monday, March 16, 2020
Critical scholarship Essays Critical scholarship Essay Critical scholarship Essay the plants of Schwartz and Wellhausen ) did Johannine beginning unfavorable judgment seem to be on a firmer methodological foundation. With the debut of an aporia as grounds of a literary seam, the changeless drum-beat of critical scholarship was that John 14:31d is the proto-typical aporia and that it clearly belongs next to 18:1. Yet, to happen a manner to do these texts neighbours once more has been the thorny issue for scholarship. Throughout the 20th century the solution offered to the instance of the magnus reus has taken four basic signifiers ( with a dizzying array of substitutions ) . In wide classs, the text has been seen as a converse, interpolated, taken, or authored text. In several fluctuations, John 14:31 originally followed on the heels of 18:1. Spitta and Wendt considered it the heterotaxy of an Ur-Gospel, and Bultmann at mid-century, saw a assortment of beginnings, but in general, the best account for the magnus reus was heterotaxy on the evidences of manner. M. Lattke was possibly the last to hold defended this position in 1974. In general, most observers today regard the position as indefensible, because the shamble of the deck seldom leads to general understanding beyond the posteriority of 14:3 1. Many today see 14:31 as grounds of an interpolated text. The inside informations of this proposed insertion are greatly varied. Some believe that it is the work of a foreign manus inserted into the step ining sweep by the revivalist. Others regard the insertion to be one or more discourses written by the revivalist and later added by either a reviser or the writer himself. Others ( like Wellhausen ) considered the add-on to be wholly foreign and held that it must hold been added by a reviser. At any rate, once more the premise is that 14:31 belongs next to 18:1 in the unimproved discourse. Dettwiler s Relecture Theory A speculation that is quickly deriving land on the continent and traveling into North America is Dettwiler s relecture theory. Here the premise is that instead than merely any interpolation or even a 2nd bill of exchange of the farewell discourse, much of the step ining sweep of text between 14:31 vitamin D and 18:1 is really an enlargement and re-application of 13:1-14:31. This reading and enlargement for a new epoch is non an effort to warrant the interpolation but to explicate the consensus already reached. The text is inserted to run into the demands of a ulterior coevals of the Johannine community. Again, the over curving templet is that the magnus reus creates such an crying aporia that it can merely be solved by proposing editing. The consequences of the structural probe leave the exegete with somewhat of a riddle. If the text is an emended mosaic, it has been wonderfully done. The reviser has chosen stuff from disparate contexts ( perchance of the same genre ) and wedded them in such a manner as to bring forth a consistent macro-structure that across the first two units of the text neer leaves the bid construction built-in in exhortative discourse and in the 3rd efficaciously reviews and passages to the high priestly prayer. Furthermore, the reviser may hold incorporated some synoptic traditional stuff ( 15:1-11 ) but has done so in a manner as non to go against the bid construction of the text and at the same time has marked it as the extremum of the text without a viing subdivision besides therefore marked. In this column chef-doeuvre, the reviser has besides efficaciously produced a text that is coherent in non merely organic ties but componential ties as good. In short, the text is wonderfully edited. But herein lays the riddle: this attractively and masterfully edited text has a glaring defect. A defect so crying, so obvious, that it is seized upon by beginning critics as the archetypal illustration that proves the farewell discourse and the Gospel are the consequences of multiple custodies. But, how could this fake pas be the consequence of an editor of such fantastic ability? What compounds the job is that it could hold been so easy solved before it of all time started. All the reviser needed to make was do his interpolation fifth part of a poetry earlier. This is such an easy and reasonable solution to the job that a reasonably skilled editor could hold seen it, but the reviser of the farewell discourse did non. Brodie sums it up nicely in his most recent commentary. He states, In discoursing the perplexing Arise, allow us travel ( 14:31 ) the first thing that needs to be said is that the column hypothesis is non satisfactory. Not that the redacting thought is inherently unattractive ; there is, in fact, an huge credibleness to the general thought of an editor who, given hard stuff, makes the best of it. But this general thought does non suit the instance ; the stuff ( in 14:3 1 ) is non hard. In fact, one could barely conceive of an easier column undertaking than traveling Arise, allow us goÃ¢â¬ ¦ to the terminal of fellow. 17 But any editor who felt free to infix three chapters is improbable to hold had scruples about traveling half a poetry. In fact, it would non been have been necessary to travel Arise and allow us travel If, as is sometimes said, it instantly preceded the history of Jesus traveling out ( 18:1 ) , so, peculiarly since there were no chapter divisions at the clip, all the editor had to make was take the right topographic point for the insertion-in other words before Arise, allow us travel The logic of the column hypothesis leads to the thought that in some unusual manner the editor was both careful and bungling, free and scrupulous. Therefore, it is a hypothesis which lacks internal coherency. This lack of internal coherence is displayed in the literature by the proliferation of theories that attempt, in one manner or another, to put the magnus reus next to 18:1. The truth is, if history can be our usher that the proliferation of theories will go on. Older theories will be tweaked ; and callings will be built upon new and inventive attacks to the farewell discourse. At the bosom of this province of personal businesss is the interaction of three premises. First, that an aporia in the Fourth Gospel is, foremost and first, grounds of a literary seam ; 2nd, that it fits better next to 18:1 ; and therefore, 3rd, the magnus reus is the proto-typical aporia. However, these premises are far from proven. An Aporia Must Indicate A Literary Seam The usage of aporias in the word picture of beginnings has been the trademark of Old Testament higher unfavorable judgment for about two hundred old ages. The contention is that a non-sequitur or a unsmooth passage is by definition grounds of the amalgamation of beginnings by a reviser. This is, of class, a reductionistic ( if non simplistic ) attack that assumes merely one valid reply to a trouble. Yet, this is now so self-evident in higher critical circles that the philosophical underpinning for it is merely assumed as fact. Wellhausen neer explained why an aporia must be a literary seam. In fact, it is non until Otto Eissfeldt that Pentateuchal unfavorable judgment s standards of separation are clearly delineated. Schwartz, who coined the term aporia in relation to the Gospel of John, neer defends its usage ( or even defines its significance ) in the now-famous series of articles. Bacon besides made this premise when he remarked that the indicants point to what a geologist might name a fault in he literary strata, and, as the critic good knows, it is these faults which reveal the literary history of a papers ( accent added ) . Therefore, by 1894, Bacon sees no demand to support the deduction of a literary mistake, but merely cites its self-evident standing among critics. All this is to state that the current reading of aporias as, by and big, bespeaking literary seams is an old premise that is non, and has neer been, a proved rule but an premise. That is non to state that at that place have non been efforts to make so in the literature. One brief effort at demoing verifiable standards for beginning separation is the monograph by David M. Carr. Carr s treatment is, in many ways, a breath of fresh air from source-critical circles. He is careful and cautious in his claims and clearly recognizes the troubles in defining between a seam caused by a reviser or by an writer. Carr attempts to demo recoverable beginnings from ancient plants like the Diatesseron, the Gilgamesh heroic poem, comparings in Jeremiah from the LXX and the Masoretic Text, et Al. Carr makes the instance that repeat is a cardinal signal in beginning separation. However, he does non do a conclusive statement for know aparting between a redactional component and an auctorial device. For illustration, he cites the usage of resumptive repetition as grounds of a literary seam. However, he readily acknowledges that To be certain, writers can themselves utilize such resumptive repeat to restart the train of idea after their ain digression Carr concludes that terminological and ideological indexs must besides be present. However, even in his treatment of these devices he concludes that there is ever the opportunity the writer consciously altered the nomenclature to hold a certain consequence However, it is dubious that a certain Reconstruction of the examples like the Diatesseron could be executed without anterior cognition of the beginnings. So so, while the illustrations of emended texts that are produced may demo certain traits, these traits are non sole to redact ed texts. Another job is the nature of the redacted texts. The Diatesseron was an wholly new genre of literature: the Gospel harmoniousness. It is an improper measure to compare its redaction to the type proposed for the Pentateuch ( or the Fourth Gospel ) . In the same vena, some of Carr s Old Testament examples sum to text-critical enquiries instead than the weaving of beginnings to bring forth a new text. The lone similar illustration could be the Gilgamesh heroic poem, but it excessively has its jobs. In other words, the illustrations so far cited by Carr do non look to be comparings of similar redactional procedures. But, even so, there remains no lingual point that needfully points to a literary seam that could non hold been produced by an writer. An aporia, so, as grounds of a literary seam is still an premise. A revealing indictment of this premise comes instead unwittingly from an improbable beginning: the antecedently cited work by Otto Eissfeldt. He states, Alternatively of these [ traditional ] divisions, we must at any rate for the older content of Gen. to Josh. , and likely besides for that from Judg. to Sam. and into Kings, think in footings of strata. Merely so can we acquire a image of the literary beginnings which were used in their undertaking by the compilers or more properly revisers of the older basic stuff Ã¢â¬ ¦ So, so, the separation of beginnings is impossible unless one begins with the premise of strata. Then, upon this premise, literary beds are delineated instead than clear, undeniable grounds that can merely be explained in footings of strata. Eissfeldt s observation is stating in that without the premise, the grounds does non oblige one to presume literary strata. It sounds really much like a theory in hunt of back uping grounds. But does the grounds support it? Many would reply negatively. In fact, among Pentateuchal beginning critics the now-traditional JEDP theory still holds sway to a grade, but today, due to the assortment and deepness of the statements against it, it must be smartly defended. Wenham characterizes the temper of scholarship as looking for a fresh and converting paradigm. Therefore Johannine beginning critics who defend the usage of an aporia as grounds of a literary seam on the footing of success in Pentateuchal unfavorable judgment do so at the hazard of being out of measure with the current province of the job. So, so, what does a Johannine aporia prove? In fact, small or nil solid. Carson notes that in utilizing Ross s graduated table of grounds ( conclusive, persuasive, implicative, impersonal, and irrelevant ) , aporias constitute no more than impersonal grounds. Carson goes on to propose that aporias should non be seen as cut-and-dry grounds for a literary seam for two grounds. First, an aporia may merely be an accident. He refrains from placing an inadvertent aporia in the Fourth Gospel. However, his point is that they are non unnatural phenomena, but built-in in composing. Most authors have, in fact, produced many of them without the benefit of faulting a 3rd party. Thus, an aporia is every bit likely created by an writer as an editor. In fact, the instance could be made that it is less likely in the instance of an editor who would be looking really carefully at the text. The following footing for cautiousness is that an aporia may be generated by some factor other than the gawky interpolation of a beginning. This 2nd ground for avoiding the designation of an aporia as a literary seam is likely the most weighty. The literary seam is merely one option for placing the ground for an aporia. There may, in fact, be many plausible grounds for an aporia. Sometimes the designation of an aporia is merely exaggerated. Is a poetic beginning to the Gospel so unlikely that the prologue could non be original? Do the enumeration of marks and their expiration needfully bespeak a literary seam? At 7:3-5 does the demand of Jesus brothers that he travel to Judea to execute marks truly indicate a trouble? True, he had already been in Jerusalem and performed marks ( see, e.g. , 5:1-9 ) , but should we truly name this an aporia when any figure of accounts can be offered ( including the writer s purpose to demo that Jesus brothers did non follow his motions and made the n atural adequate premise that the Messiah should make marks in Jerusalem ) ? These and many other alleged aporias do non look excessively implicative of a existent job, much less a literary seam. The step of turbulency or clumsiness appears to be modem western criterions. Could it be that merely these modem esthesias perceive the above-named aporias? One must state that if the Gospel is edited, the editor ( s ) of the Gospel saw no sufficient ground to presume that the text was dreadfully inconsistent. If he or they did non believe so, why are we at strivings to presume that an original author would hold operated under different premises? Would they non both operate under the same literary conventions? Consider Whybray s reaction to a similar phenomenon in Pentateuchal unfavorable judgment. In depicting a defect in the current Documentary Hypotheses of the Pentateuch, he states, If the paperss postulated by the hypothesis possessed some sort of integrity and consistency-and it is this which is held to give them plausibility-then the revisers were the individual who wantonly destroyed that integrity and consistency-and once more, the hypothesis depends on believing that th ey did. But this is simply to bear down the revisers with mistakes of logic and sensitiveness of which the advocates of the Documentary Hypothesis are at such strivings to shrive the writers of the paperss. If the revisers were unconcerned about these things, it is hard to understand on what grounds the advocates of the hypothesis maintain that the writers of the paperss were concerned about them. It seems more logical to reason that ancient Israelite thoughts of consistence were different from those of modern western adult male: that the Israelites were in fact to a big extent indifferent to what we should name incompatibilities. Weisse, Evangeliumfrage, 116. Buttmann, John, 459. Lattke, Einheit im Wort, 131-246. See, e.g. , Fortna, Predecessor, 151. See, e.g. , Barrett, John, 454-55. See, e.g. , Wellhausen, Erweiterungen and Anderungen, 8 and Schnackenburg, John, 3:89-90 Dettwiler, Gegenwart, 51-52. Brodie, John, 437. Note besides Robert Kysar s review of Fortna. He states, It is this inquiry [ gawky redacting ] which most earnestly plagues Fortna s admirable attending to the aporias of the text as the key to the solution of the literary mystifier of the book. How can one believe, on the one manus, that the revivalist was an sharp plenty theologian to feel the failings of his marks Gospel and subtly rectify them and yet, on the other manus, was such an inferior editor that he left glowering defects in the simple readability of his papers? Until that contradiction can be resolved, it seems that the value of the contextual standards will be earnestly impaired ( Robert Kysar, The Fourth Evangelist and His Evangel: An Examination of Contemporary Scholarship [ Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1975 ] , 36 ) . For an English interlingual rendition of the German 3rd edition, see Otto Eissfeldt, The Old Testament: An Introduction, trans. Peter R. Ackroyd ( New York: Harper A ; Row, 1965 ) , 182-88. Bacon, Displacement, 66. David M. Carr, Reading the Fractures of Genesis: Historical and Literary Approachs ( Louisville: Westminster, 1996 ) , 23-40. Carr is to be commended for trying to set the word picture of beginnings on empirical evidences. However, the trouble of such a proposal is shown in that his major grounds for empirical grounds comes from a individual beginning. See Jeffrey H. Tigay, ed. , Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism ( Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985 ) . This has frequently been brought into Johannine beginning separations as good. See Urban C. von Wahlde, The Earliest Version of John s Gospel: Recovering the Gospel of Signs ( Wilmington, DE: Michael Glazier, 1989 ) , 27. Carr, Reading the Fractures, 26. Ibid. , 32. See, e.g. , Carr s major work cited in this subdivision, Emanuel Tov, The Literary History of the Book of Jeremiah in Light of its Textual History, in Empirical Models, 211-37. It seems that the type of editing offered by the book of Jeremiah is an extended alteration and non the same originative nuptials that is under consideration for the Pentateuch and Johannine surveies. See Jeffrey H. Tigay, The Development of the Gilgamesh Epic ( Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982 ) . For brief responses californium. W. G. Lambert, reappraisal of The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic, by Jeffrey H. Tigay in Journal of Biblical Literature 104 ( 1985 ) : 115-17 ; but particularly see Joan Goodnick Westenholz, reappraisal of The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic, by Jeffrey H. Tigay in Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 ( 1984 ) : 370-72. Eissfeldt, Old Testament, 135-36. The Documentary Hypothesis as expressed by Wellhausen came under onslaught from its really beginning, but particularly in recent old ages. In Wellhausen s clip the authoritative rebuttals were by William Henry Green and James Orr. See William Henry Green, The Higher Criticism of the Pentateuch ( New York: Scribners, 1895 ; reissue, Grand Rapids: Baker, 1978 ) . See besides James On, The Problem of the Old Testament Considered with Reference to Recent Criticism ( New York: Scribners, 1906 ) . In more recent old ages several have expressed terrible unfavorable judgments against the cogency of the hypothesis. See, e.g. , Umberto Cassuto, The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch, trans. Israel Abrahams ( Jerusalem: Magnes, 1941 ; reissue, Jerusalem: Magnes, 1961 ) ; Rolf Rendtorff, The Problem of the Process of Transmission in the Pentateuch, trans. John J. Scullion, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series 89 ( Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1990 ) ; R. N. Whybray, The Making of the Pentateuch: A Methodological Study, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement 53 ( Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1987 ) ; R. Norman Whybray, Introduction to the Pentateuch ( Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995 ) , 12-27 ; Gleason L. Archer, Jr. , A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, rpm. and exp. erectile dysfunction. ( Chicago: Moody, 1994 ) . For a recent survey of Pentateuchal beginning unfavorable judgment see Gordon J. Wenham, Chew overing the Pentateuch: The Search for a New Paradigm, in The Face of Old Testament Studies: A Survey of Contemporary Approaches, erectile dysfunction. David W. Baker and Bill T. Arnold ( Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999 ) : 116-44. David M. Carr, Controversy and Convergence in Recent Studies of the Formation of the Pentateuch, Interpretation 23 ( 1997 ) : 22. Wenham, Chew overing the Pentateuch, 119. Cf. R. N. Whybray s statement, despite the huge sum of scholarly work which has been published particularly during the past century refering the writing, day of the month, and history of composing of the Pentateuch, these are fundamentally side issues. The existent involvement for readers of the Bible does non lie here. If it did, the present coevals of readers would see merely defeat. For although it may be true that recent bookmans have succeeded in exposing many of the mistakes of earlier critics, it must be admitted that every bit far as assured consequences are concerned we are no nearer to certainty than when critical survey of the Pentateuch began ( Whybray, Introduction to the Pentateuch, 12 ) . See, e.g. , von Wahlde s justification of his methodological analysis. He does non warrant the usage of an aporia beyond its usage in Pentateuchal unfavorable judgment. He states, The success of Pentateuchal analysis indicates that such standards will supply a solid footing for analysis of the marks besides ( von Wahlde, Earliest Version, 28 ) . J. M. Ross, The Use of Evidence in New Testament Studies, Theology 79 ( 1976 ) : 216-17. D. A. Carson, Current Source Criticism of the Fourth Gospel: Some Methodological Questions, Journal of Biblical Literature 97 ( 1978 ) : 428. Ibid. , 424. The likely event that the elusive 7th mark in John s Gospel is the Temple cleaning of 2:14-17 could make some aporias for those who see an original beginning that has been reordered. For those who see this pericope as a Johannine mark see Beasley-Murray, John, 42 ; Carson, John, 181 ; Dodd, Interpretation, 300-303 ; Ridderbos, John, 121.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Learning Theory Into Practice Project - Assignment Example It is, therefore, crucial to link this game of opening the student mind to appropriate theories such that the process of teaching them may be more appropriate and comprehensive. Business simulation games are also referred to as economic simulation games. These are games focused at on making sensible decisions by the players towards financial management by forming business (Williams, 2010). Since these games are geared to make the players rich, they are also known as tycoon games. They help the player who is also the learner to develop managerial stimulation of pure business simulations devoid of a construction element with emphasis on micromanagement (Klassen & Willoughby, 2013). They have a design of a numeric form although they capture the playerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention by the rich graphics they employ. However, what makes this games be of more educative value is an accurate recreation of the real world events using these algorithms (Klassen & Willoughby, 2013). Either the playerÃ¢â¬â¢s actions can lead to either a consequence or a well-expected outcome Currently, business simulation games form an eÃ¯ ¬â¬ective method of learning in management. They provide a modern way of approach in teaching and imparting of knowledge to business students in the modern enterprise. It is true that these games also help to form and develop an enterprising culture in learning techniques of modern management (Ahmad, 2012). A person, who has been through this process, has an excellent probability to be a business manager, with the ability to make right decisions in the current condition of cutthroat market competition. When these individuals start work in management position they find themselves in a situation they can make better financial risks of own decisions (Ahmad, 2012). Therefore, this game forms a basis of a different but crucial form of training for teachers and students in management as future leaders. This is why it seems so important to use diÃ¯ ¬â¬erent forms of
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
The American Government - Research Paper Example Supreme Court has the sole responsibility to reject the signed law after declaring it unconstitutional. Sometimes, the president may give his/her opinion of the constitutionality of the law. Annually, the US president gives legislative agenda for the following year to the congress. In this agenda, the president brings into attention of the congress, the plans for whole nation. In this address, the president persuades sponsoring of the bills to enable their passage (Murrin et. al. 2011). Likewise, vice president also lobbies representatives to amass support for the legislation.According to Krent (2005), in the judicial arm of the government, the president is the commander of armed forces and navy. In this role, president can pardon for offences committed against United States. Cases of impeachment are exceptional. To do this the president seeks opinion from principal officer. President appoints highest-rank military commanders. He exercises control in this section by giving advice and discharging officers. The president directs orders to the armed forces to take action in times of foreign aggression.The US president through the constitutional powers contributes significantly in the public- policymaking process. For instance, in the foreign policy, up on proper advice by the senate, he negotiates treaties with other foreign countries. However, these treaties become effective after ratification by two-thirds of the senate (Murrin et. al. 2011). This means that the president can initiate or shape foreign policy.